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Pneumococcal Infections

Also called: Streptococcus pneumoniae infections

Pneumococci are a type of streptococcus bacteria. The bacteria spread through contact with people who are ill or by healthy people who carry the bacteria in the back of their nose. Pneumococcal infections can be mild or severe. The most common types of infections are

How the diagnosis is made depends upon where the infection is. Your doctor will do a physical exam and health history. Possible tests may include blood, imaging, or lab tests. Treatment is with antibiotics. Vaccines can prevent pneumococcal infections. There are two vaccines. One is for infants and young children. The other is for people at high risk, including those who are over 65 years old, have chronic illnesses or weak immune systems, smoke, have asthma, or live in long-term care facilities.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Symptoms of Pneumococcal Infections

The following features are indicative of Pneumococcal Infections:
  • fever
  • chills
  • cough
  • difficulty breathing
  • chest pain
  • confusion
  • stiff neck
  • headache
  • ear pain
  • sleepiness
It is possible that Pneumococcal Infections shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Pneumococcal Infections

The following are the most common causes of Pneumococcal Infections:
  • bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae

Risk Factors for Pneumococcal Infections

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pneumococcal Infections:
  • children younger than 2 years old
  • people aged 65 years and over
  • weak immune system
  • smoking
  • patients who have asthma

Prevention of Pneumococcal Infections

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pneumococcal Infections. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • get vaccinated against the pneumococcal disease

Occurrence of Pneumococcal Infections

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Pneumococcal Infections cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very rare between 1K - 10K cases

Common Age Group

Pneumococcal Infections can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Pneumococcal Infections can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pneumococcal Infections

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pneumococcal Infections:
  • Blood Culture Test: To evaluate the presence of bacteria or fungi in the blood
  • Chest X Ray: To diagnose and monitor the conditions of pneumococcal infections

Doctor for Diagnosis of Pneumococcal Infections

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pneumococcal Infections:
  • Pulmonologist

Complications of Pneumococcal Infections if untreated

Yes, Pneumococcal Infections causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pneumococcal Infections is left untreated:
  • brain damage
  • hearing loss
  • meningitis
  • bacteremia
  • pneumonia
  • ear infections
  • sinus

Self-care for Pneumococcal Infections

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pneumococcal Infections:
  • Drink plenty of fluids: Helps in loosen mucus from your lungs
  • Take rest: Makes you feel better
  • Take your medicine as prescribed

Patient Support for Treatment of Pneumococcal Infections

The following actions may help Pneumococcal Infections patients:
  • Join Immunisation Program: Provides vaccines that lowers the risk of infection

Time for Treatment of Pneumococcal Infections

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Pneumococcal Infections to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Is Pneumococcal Infections Infectious?

Yes, Pneumococcal Infections is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • respiratory droplets

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Pneumococcal Infections.
Meningitis
Pneumonia
Sepsis
Sinusitis
Streptococcal Infections

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