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Chronic excessive intake of water; it may be from an organic cause, such as the dehydration of diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, or a reaction to medication, or from a psychological cause. When untreated it can lead to water intoxication

Symptoms of Polydipsia

The following features are indicative of Polydipsia:
  • excessive thirst
It is possible that Polydipsia shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Polydipsia

The following are the most common causes of Polydipsia:
  • eating salty or spicy meal
  • bleeding enough to cause a large decrease in blood volume
  • diabetes mellitus
  • diabetes insipidus
  • use of medicines such as anticholinergics and diuretics
  • loss of body fluids from the bloodstream into the tissues

Other Causes of Polydipsia

The following are the less common causes of Polydipsia:
  • psychogenic polydipsia
  • changes in the osmolality of the extracellular fluids of the body

Risk Factors for Polydipsia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Polydipsia:
  • schizophrenia
  • long hospitalization
  • heavy smoking
  • male gender
  • being native of Caucasian race

Prevention of Polydipsia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Polydipsia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • control blood sugar levels in diabetic conditions

Occurrence of Polydipsia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Polydipsia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Gender

Polydipsia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Polydipsia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Polydipsia:
  • Serum level measurement: To diagnose the decreased serum levels of red blood cells, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and sodium

Complications of Polydipsia if untreated

Yes, Polydipsia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Polydipsia is left untreated:
  • seizures
  • coma
  • can be fatal

Time for Treatment of Polydipsia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Polydipsia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Polydipsia.

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