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An idiopathic inflammatory disorder affecting the muscles. It presents with symmetrical proximal muscle weakness and elevated skeletal muscle enzymes

Symptoms of Polymyositis

The following features are indicative of Polymyositis:
  • muscle weakness
  • fatigue after walking or standing
  • trouble swallowing or breathing
  • skin changes
  • difficulty swallowing
  • shortness of breath
  • fever
  • joint pain
  • loss of appetite
  • morning stiffness
  • weight loss
It is possible that Polymyositis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Polymyositis

The following are the most common causes of Polymyositis:
  • viral infection
  • autoimmune disorders

Risk Factors for Polymyositis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Polymyositis:
  • African Americans
  • ages 50 and 60 year

Prevention of Polymyositis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Polymyositis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • do regular exercise
  • maintain a healthy weight

Occurrence of Polymyositis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Polymyositis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not common between 50K - 500K cases

Common Age Group

Polymyositis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Polymyositis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Polymyositis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Polymyositis:
  • Blood analysis: To detect specific autoantibodies associated with different symptoms of dermatomyositis
  • Chest X-ray: To check for signs of the type of lung damage
  • Electromyography: To determine the distribution of the disease by testing different muscles
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To create cross-sectional images of muscles
  • Skin or muscle biopsy: To confirm diagnosis of dermatomyositis

Doctor for Diagnosis of Polymyositis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Polymyositis:
  • Rheumatologist
  • Neurologist

Complications of Polymyositis if untreated

Yes, Polymyositis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Polymyositis is left untreated:
  • difficulty swallowing
  • calcium deposits in the affected muscles
  • cancer
  • heart disease
  • lung disease

Self-care for Polymyositis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Polymyositis:
  • Do regularly exercise: To maintain and improve muscle strength or flexibility

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Polymyositis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Polymyositis:
  • Physical therapy: To maintain and improve muscle strength or flexibility
  • Speech therapy: Helps in learning how to compensate speech changes
  • Dietetic assessment: Dietitian can teach how to prepare easy-to-eat foods

Time for Treatment of Polymyositis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Polymyositis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Polymyositis.
Systemic Sclerosis

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