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The prostate is a gland in men. It helps make semen, the fluid that contains sperm. The prostate surrounds the tube that carries urine away from the bladder and out of the body. A young man's prostate is about the size of a walnut. It slowly grows larger with age. If it gets too large, it can cause problems. This is very common after age 50. The older men get, the more likely they are to have prostate trouble.

Some common problems are

  • Prostatitis - inflammation, usually caused by bacteria
  • Enlarged prostate (BPH), or benign prostatic hyperplasia - a common problem in older men which may cause dribbling after urination or a need to go often, especially at night
  • Prostate cancer - a common cancer that responds best to treatment when detected early

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Prostate Diseases

The following features are indicative of Prostate Diseases:
  • trouble urinating
  • decreased force in the stream of urine
  • blood in the semen or urine
  • discomfort in the pelvic area
  • body pain
  • erectile dysfunction
  • dribbling or leakage of urine
  • straining when urinating
  • dysuria
  • nocturia
  • urgent need to urinate
  • cloudy urine
  • painful ejaculation
  • flu-like signs and symptoms
  • pain or discomfort of the penis
  • perineum
  • pain in the abdomen, groin or lower back
It is possible that Prostate Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Prostate Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Prostate Diseases:
  • DNA mutations
  • E. coli bacteria
  • Klebsiella bacteria
  • Proteus bacteria
  • Pseudomonas bacteria
  • Enterobacter bacteria

Other Causes of Prostate Diseases

The following are the less common causes of Prostate Diseases:
  • alcohol
  • high fat diet
  • cadmium exposure
  • Enterococcus bacteria
  • Serratia bacteria
  • Staphylococcus aureus

Risk Factors for Prostate Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Prostate Diseases:
  • older age
  • black men
  • family history
  • obesity
  • agent orange exposure
  • cadmium exposure
  • high fat diet intake
  • history of prostatitis
  • infection in the bladder
  • HIV/AIDS
  • pelvic trauma
  • previous prostate biopsy

Prevention of Prostate Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Prostate Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • regularly exercise

Occurrence of Prostate Diseases

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Prostate Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Prostate Diseases most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Prostate Diseases most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Prostate Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Prostate Diseases:
  • Digital rectal exam (DRE): To examine prostate
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: To analyze levels of prostate-specific antigen
  • Ultrasound: To make a picture of your prostate gland
  • Prostate biopsy: To determine whether cancer cells are present
  • Imaging tests: To determine the extent of cancer
  • Urinalysis: To look for signs of infection in urine
  • Blood tests: To look for signs of infection and other prostate problems
  • Post-prostatic massage: To test the secretions

Doctor for Diagnosis of Prostate Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Prostate Diseases:
  • Oncologist
  • Urologist

Complications of Prostate Diseases if untreated

Yes, Prostate Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Prostate Diseases is left untreated:
  • spreading of cancer
  • incontinence
  • erectile dysfunction
  • bacteremia
  • epididymitis
  • prostatic abscess
  • semen abnormalities
  • infertility

Procedures for Treatment of Prostate Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Prostate Diseases:
  • Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells
  • Brachytherapy: To kill cancer cells
  • Hormone therapy: To stop body from producing the male hormone testosterone
  • Orchiectomy: To remove testicles
  • Laparoscopic prostatectomy: To remove prostate
  • Chemotherapy: To kill rapidly growing cancer cells
  • Biological therapy: To fight cancer cells

Medicines for Prostate Diseases

Below is the list of medicines used for Prostate Diseases:

Self-care for Prostate Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Prostate Diseases:
  • Maintain healthy diet: Helps improving overall health
  • Choose healthy foods over supplements: Helps reducing risk of prostate cancer
  • Regular exercise: Helps to maintain weight and improves mood
  • Maintain healthy weight: Helps improving overall health
  • Apply heating pad: Helps easing the prostatitis symptoms
  • Avoid alcohol: Helps easing symptoms of prostatitis
  • Drink caffeine-free beverages: Helps flush bacteria from bladder

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Prostate Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Prostate Diseases:
  • Practicing art therapy: Helps to cope with distress
  • Practicing dance or movement therapy: Helps to cope with distress
  • Practicing meditation: Helps to cope with distress
  • Practicing music therapy: Helps to cope with stress
  • Practicing relaxation technique: Helps to cope with distress
  • Using biofeedback technique: Helps relaxing muscles
  • Practicing acupuncture therapy: Helps reducing symptoms of prostatitis

Patient Support for Treatment of Prostate Diseases

The following actions may help Prostate Diseases patients:
  • Education: Helps feel comfortable making treatment decisions
  • Family and friends support: Helps with the small tasks that patient won't have energy for during treatment
  • Connect with other cancer survivors: Provides a unique network of support

Time for Treatment of Prostate Diseases

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Prostate Diseases to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Is Prostate Diseases Infectious?

Yes, Prostate Diseases is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • infections spread through sexual contact can cause prostatitis

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Prostate Diseases.
Enlarged Prostate (BPH)
Prostate Cancer

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