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The rectum is the lower part of your large intestine where your body stores stool. Problems with rectum are common. They include hemorrhoids, abscesses, incontinence and cancer.

Many people are embarrassed to talk about rectal troubles. But seeing your doctor about problems in this area is important. This is especially true if you have pain or bleeding. Treatments vary depending on the particular problem.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Rectal Disorders

The following features are indicative of Rectal Disorders:
  • pain in the perianal area
  • constipation
  • drainage from the rectum
  • fever
  • chills
  • palpable mass near the anus
  • itchiness
  • burning sensation
  • pus discharge
  • blood
  • diarrhea
  • swelling in around the rectum and anus

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Common Causes of Rectal Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Rectal Disorders:
  • constipation
  • chronic diarrhea
  • hereditary factors
  • excessive sweating in the area around the anus
  • aging

Risk Factors for Rectal Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Rectal Disorders:
  • high daily salt intake
  • history of diabetes
  • hyperlipidemia
  • dermatosis
  • anorectal surgery
  • history of smoking and alcohol intake
  • sedentary lifestyle
  • excessive intake of spicy food
  • prolonged sitting on the toilet for defecation

Prevention of Rectal Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Rectal Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • drink plenty of water to avoid constipation
  • the anal area should be kept clean and dry
  • use of condoms during intercourse
  • high fiber intake

Occurrence of Rectal Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Rectal Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not common between 50K - 500K cases

Common Age Group

Rectal Disorders most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Rectal Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Rectal Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Rectal Disorders:
  • Colonoscopy: To view the entire colon and rectum
  • Digital Rectal Exam: To diagnose the lower rectum, pelvis, and lower belly for cancer and other health problems
  • Lower gastrointestinal tract radiography: To detect disease and abnormalities and diagnose symptoms and to avoid more invasive procedures
  • Lower gastrointestinal series: To view the large intestine
  • Testing of the Anorectal and Pelvic Floor Area: To analyse the anatomic defects

Doctor for Diagnosis of Rectal Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Rectal Disorders:
  • Primary care physicians
  • Gastroenterologists

Complications of Rectal Disorders if untreated

Yes, Rectal Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Rectal Disorders is left untreated:
  • fecal incontinence
  • bleeding

Procedures for Treatment of Rectal Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Rectal Disorders:
  • Surgical excision: To control pain
  • Rubber band ligation: To decrease the amount of redundant tissue
  • Sclerotherapy: To increase fixation of the hemorrhoid tissue to the wall of the rectum
  • Infrared coagulation: To decrease vascularity
  • Hemorrhoidopexy: To fix the anal cushions in place and resect the tissue
  • Hemorrhoidectomy: To remove hemorrhoids
  • Sphincterotomy: To treat anal fissure
  • Incision and drainage: To prevent spread, recurrence, and subsequent fistulization
  • Sacral nerve stimulation: Improves squeeze pressures of the anal sphincter and rectal sensation

Self-care for Rectal Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Rectal Disorders:
  • Avoid constipation and straining
  • Increase water intake

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Rectal Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Rectal Disorders:
  • Practicing fiber therapy: Helps in providing relief of constipation
  • Using Biofeedback therapy: Improves muscular strength and control of the pelvic floor

Patient Support for Treatment of Rectal Disorders

The following actions may help Rectal Disorders patients:
  • Education: Educate the patients about keeping the perianal area dry and clean

Time for Treatment of Rectal Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Rectal Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Rectal Disorders.
Anal Disorders
Bowel Incontinence
Bowel Movement
Colorectal Cancer
Digestive Diseases
Hemorrhoids

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