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Renovascular Disease

High blood pressure secondary to renal artery stenosis.

Symptoms of Renovascular Disease

The following features are indicative of Renovascular Disease:
  • high blood pressure at young age
  • kidney dysfunction
  • pulmonary edema
  • narrowing of other arteries in the body

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Common Causes of Renovascular Disease

The following are the most common causes of Renovascular Disease:
  • atherosclerosis of the renal arteries
  • fibromuscular dysplasia

Risk Factors for Renovascular Disease

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Renovascular Disease:
  • high blood pressure
  • smoking
  • diabetes
  • high cholesterol
  • heavy alcohol use
  • cocaine abuse
  • increasing age

Prevention of Renovascular Disease

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Renovascular Disease. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat a heart-healthy diet
  • do regular exercise
  • maintain healthy weight
  • control blood cholesterol level
  • control blood sugar
  • avoid smoking
  • avoid alcohol

Occurrence of Renovascular Disease

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Renovascular Disease cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Renovascular Disease most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 30-50 years

Common Gender

Renovascular Disease can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Renovascular Disease

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Renovascular Disease:
  • Blood test: To measure the cholesterol levels, renin and aldosterone levels, BUN, creatinine and potassium levels in the blood
  • Doppler ultrasound: To find the renal arteries blockages
  • Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA): MRA uses radio waves and strong magnetic fields to produce detailed 3-D images of the renal arteries and kidneys
  • Renal arteriography: To find the blockage in the renal arteries

Complications of Renovascular Disease if untreated

Yes, Renovascular Disease causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Renovascular Disease is left untreated:
  • aortic aneurysm
  • heart attack
  • heart failure
  • chronic kidney disease
  • stroke
  • vision problems
  • poor blood supply to the legs

Procedures for Treatment of Renovascular Disease

The following procedures are used to treat Renovascular Disease:
  • Nephrectomy: To resolve systemic hypertension without compromising renal function
  • Renal artery bypass surgery: To creates an alternate route for blood to flow around a blockage in the renal arteries
  • Renal angioplasty and stenting: To treat renal artery stenosis

Self-care for Renovascular Disease

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Renovascular Disease:
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Help to lower the blood pressure
  • Restrict salt in the diet: To reduce blood pressure
  • Be physically active: Being physically active on a regular basis may help to lose weight, lower the risk of heart disease, lower the cholesterol and lower blood pressure
  • Reduce stress: Stress can increase the blood pressure temporarily
  • Avoid alcohol: Too much alcohol may increase your blood pressure
  • Don't smoke: Tobacco injures blood vessel walls

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Renovascular Disease.
Malignant Hypertension
Renovascular Disease

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