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Rosacea is a long-term disease that affects your skin and sometimes your eyes. It causes redness and pimples. Rosacea is most common in women and people with fair skin. It most often affects middle-aged and older adults.

In most cases, rosacea only affects the face. Symptoms can include

  • Frequent redness of the face, or flushing
  • Small, red lines under the skin
  • Acne
  • A swollen nose
  • Thick skin, usually on the forehead, chin, and cheeks
  • Red, dry, itchy eyes and sometimes vision problems

No one knows what causes rosacea. You may be more likely to have it if you blush a lot or if rosacea runs in your family. Rosacea is not dangerous. There is no cure, but treatments can help. They include medicines and sometimes surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Rosacea

The following features are indicative of Rosacea:
  • facial redness
  • flushing
  • bulbous nose
  • burning
  • stinging
  • irritation in eyes
  • watery eyes
  • bloodshot eyes
  • acne like skin sores
  • telangiectasia

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Common Causes of Rosacea

The following are the most common causes of Rosacea:
  • genetic factors
  • hot drinks
  • spicy foods
  • alcohol
  • temperature extremes

Other Causes of Rosacea

The following are the less common causes of Rosacea:
  • sunlight
  • cosmetics
  • blood pressure medications

Risk Factors for Rosacea

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Rosacea:
  • women
  • fair skin
  • smoking
  • age over 30
  • family history

Prevention of Rosacea

No, it is not possible to prevent Rosacea.
  • mutation in the HLA-DRA and BTNL2 gene

Occurrence of Rosacea

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Rosacea cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Rosacea most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Rosacea most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Rosacea

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Rosacea:
  • Physical test: To test for rosacea
  • Lab tests: To check signs and symptoms similar to those of rosacea

Doctor for Diagnosis of Rosacea

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Rosacea:
  • Dermatologist

Complications of Rosacea if untreated

Yes, Rosacea causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Rosacea is left untreated:
  • enlargement of sebaceous glands
  • rhinophyma
  • lower self-esteem

Procedures for Treatment of Rosacea

The following procedures are used to treat Rosacea:
  • Laser therapy: To reduce the redness of enlarged blood vessels
  • Dermabrasion: To treat visible blood vessels and changes due to rhinophyma
  • Intense pulsed light therapy: To treat visible blood vessels and changes due to rhinophyma
  • Electrosurgery: To treat visible blood vessels and changes due to rhinophyma

Self-care for Rosacea

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Rosacea:
  • Protect face: Apply sunscreen daily to reduce signs and symptoms or to prevent flare-ups
  • Treat skin gently: To reduce signs and symptoms or to prevent flare-ups
  • Apply makeup: Help to reduce the appearance of skin redness

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Rosacea

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Rosacea:
  • Regular facial massage: Gentle daily facial massage may help reduce swelling and inflammation
  • Using Colloidal silver: Helps reducing facial swelling and inflammation
  • Using Emu oil: Helps reducing facial swelling and inflammation
  • Using Laurelwood: Helps reducing facial swelling and inflammation
  • Using Oregano oil: Helps reducing facial swelling and inflammation

Patient Support for Treatment of Rosacea

The following actions may help Rosacea patients:
  • Counselor: Talking to a counselor about feelings and emotions can be helpful
  • Support groups: Connecting with others facing the same types of problems can be comforting

Time for Treatment of Rosacea

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Rosacea to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Rosacea.

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