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An exacerbation of sickle cell disease

Symptoms of Sickle Cell Crisis

The following features are indicative of Sickle Cell Crisis:
  • periodic episodes of pain
  • anemia
  • painful swelling of hands
  • painful swelling of feet
  • delayed growth
  • vision problems
It is possible that Sickle Cell Crisis shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Sickle Cell Crisis

The following are the most common causes of Sickle Cell Crisis:
  • mutations in the HBB (hemoglobin subunit beta) gene

Risk Factors for Sickle Cell Crisis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Sickle Cell Crisis:
  • baby born with sickle cell anemia

Prevention of Sickle Cell Crisis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Sickle Cell Crisis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • genetic counseling

Occurrence of Sickle Cell Crisis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Sickle Cell Crisis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Sickle Cell Crisis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 6 months-8 years

Common Gender

Sickle Cell Crisis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Sickle Cell Crisis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Sickle Cell Crisis:
  • Blood test: To check for low red blood cell count
  • Genetic test: To detect the changes in the genes

Complications of Sickle Cell Crisis if untreated

Yes, Sickle Cell Crisis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Sickle Cell Crisis is left untreated:
  • stroke
  • acute chest syndrome
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • damage nerves in body
  • damage organs in body
  • gallstones
  • blindness
  • priapism
  • leg ulcers

Procedures for Treatment of Sickle Cell Crisis

The following procedures are used to treat Sickle Cell Crisis:
  • Bone marrow transplant: To cure sickle cell crisis
  • Blood transfusion: To treat sickle cell anemia
  • Gene therapy: To treat the sickle cell crisis

Self-care for Sickle Cell Crisis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Sickle Cell Crisis:
  • drink plenty of water
  • avoid exposure to extreme heat or cold
  • do exercise regularly
  • eat healthy diet
  • intake folic acid supplements

Patient Support for Treatment of Sickle Cell Crisis

The following actions may help Sickle Cell Crisis patients:
  • Join support groups: To relieve the stress of a chronic disease

Time for Treatment of Sickle Cell Crisis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Sickle Cell Crisis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Sickle Cell Crisis.

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