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Skin Conditions

Health    Skin Conditions
Also called: Cutaneous disorders, Dermatologic disorders

Your skin is your body's largest organ. It covers and protects your body. Your skin

  • Holds body fluids in, preventing dehydration
  • Keeps harmful microbes out, preventing infections
  • Helps you feel things like heat, cold, and pain
  • Keeps your body temperature even
  • Makes vitamin D when the sun shines on it

Anything that irritates, clogs, or inflames your skin can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning, and itching. Allergies, irritants, your genetic makeup, and certain diseases and immune system problems can cause rashes, hives, and other skin conditions. Many skin problems, such as acne, also affect your appearance.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Symptoms of Skin Conditions

The following features are indicative of Skin Conditions:
  • facial redness
  • flushing
  • bulbous nose
  • burning
  • stinging
  • irritation in eyes
  • watery eyes
  • bloodshot eyes
  • acne like skin sores
  • telangiectasia
  • red patches on skin
  • small scaling spots
  • dry skin
  • cracked skin
  • itching
  • burning
  • soreness
  • thickened nails
  • pitted or ridged nails
  • swollen joints
  • stiff joints
  • genital sores in males
  • severe dandruff
  • wrinkles
  • sagging skin
  • pigmented spots
  • change in an existing mole
  • pigmented or unusual-looking growth on the skin
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Common Causes of Skin Conditions

The following are the most common causes of Skin Conditions:
  • genetic factors
  • hot drinks
  • spicy foods
  • alcohol use
  • temperature extremes
  • sunburn
  • vitamin D deficiency
  • stress
  • skin injury
  • dry skin
  • exposure to ultraviolet radiation

Other Causes of Skin Conditions

The following are the less common causes of Skin Conditions:
  • sunlight exposure
  • cosmetics
  • blood pressure medications
  • AIDS
  • autoimmune disorders
  • chemotherapy
  • smoking

Risk Factors for Skin Conditions

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Skin Conditions:
  • women
  • fair skin
  • smoking
  • age over 30
  • family history
  • viral and bacterial infections
  • stress
  • obesity
  • smoking
  • history of sunburn
  • excessive ultraviolet light exposure
  • living closer to the equator or at a higher elevation
  • having many moles or unusual moles
  • history of melanoma
  • weakened immune system
  • skin injury
  • less able to sense touch, pressure, vibration, heat and cold

Prevention of Skin Conditions

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Skin Conditions. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • keeping the skin clean
  • avoiding too hard skin scrubbing
  • regular daily baths
  • preventing sunburn if at all possible
  • using a good quality sunscreen when outdoors
  • wearing protective clothing and a hat when needed
  • avoiding sun during the middle of the day
  • avoiding tanning lamps and beds

Occurrence of Skin Conditions

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Skin Conditions cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Skin Conditions can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Skin Conditions can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Skin Conditions

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Skin Conditions:
  • Lab tests: To check signs and symptoms similar to those of rosacea
  • Skin biopsy: To determine the exact type of psoriasis and to rule out other disorders
  • Physical exam: To examine skin, scalp and nails
  • Skin examination: Skin exam from head-to-toe
  • Sentinel node biopsy: To determine whether the melanoma has spread to nearby lymph nodes

Doctor for Diagnosis of Skin Conditions

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Skin Conditions:
  • Dermatologist
  • Oncologist

Complications of Skin Conditions if untreated

Yes, Skin Conditions causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Skin Conditions is left untreated:
  • enlargement of sebaceous glands
  • rhinophyma
  • lower self-esteem
  • psoriatic arthritis
  • conjunctivitis
  • blepharitis
  • uveitis
  • obesity
  • type 2 diabetes
  • hypertension
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • metabolic syndrome
  • celiac disease
  • sclerosis
  • Crohn's disease
  • parkinson's disease
  • kidney disease
  • emotional problems

Procedures for Treatment of Skin Conditions

The following procedures are used to treat Skin Conditions:
  • Laser therapy: To reduce the redness of enlarged blood vessels
  • Dermabrasion: To treat visible blood vessels and changes due to rhinophyma
  • Intense pulsed light therapy: To treat visible blood vessels and changes due to rhinophyma
  • Electrosurgery: To treat visible blood vessels and changes due to rhinophyma
  • UVB phototherapy: To improve mild to moderate psoriasis symptoms
  • Narrow band UVB phototherapy: To improve mild to moderate psoriasis symptoms
  • Goeckerman therapy: To improve mild to moderate psoriasis symptoms
  • Psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) therapy: To treat more-severe cases of psoriasis
  • Excimer laser therapy: To improve mild to moderate psoriasis symptoms
  • Surgery: To remove the affected lymph nodes
  • Chemotherapy: To destroy cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy: To kill the cancer cells
  • Biological therapy: To help the body fight cancer

Self-care for Skin Conditions

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Skin Conditions:
  • Protect face from sunlight: Apply sunscreen daily to reduce signs and symptoms or to prevent flare-ups
  • Treat skin gently: To reduce signs and symptoms or to prevent flare-ups
  • Apply makeup: Help to reduce the appearance of skin redness
  • Take daily bath: Helps remove scales and calm inflamed skin
  • Use moisturizer: Helps preventing water from evaporating from skin
  • Expose skin to small amounts of sunlight: Helps improving psoriasis
  • Avoid drinking alcohol: Helps increasing the effectiveness of some psoriasis treatments
  • Take good nutrition and adequate fluids: Hydrating skin decreases the risk of skin injury
  • Wear protective clothing: Provides more protection against the rays
  • Avoid tanning lamps and beds: Decreases the risk of skin cancer

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Skin Conditions

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Skin Conditions:
  • Do facial massage: Gentle daily facial massage may help reduce swelling and inflammation
  • Use colloidal silver: Helps reducing facial swelling and inflammation
  • Apply emu oil: Helps reducing facial swelling and inflammation
  • Use laurelwood: Helps reducing facial swelling and inflammation
  • Use oregano oil: Helps reducing facial swelling and inflammation
  • Use aloe vera: Helps reducing redness, scaling, itching and inflammation
  • Intake fish oil supplements: Helps reducing inflammation associated with psoriasis
  • Use oregon grape: Helps reducing inflammation and ease psoriasis symptoms
  • Intake vitamins and supplements: Reduces the effects of melanoma

Patient Support for Treatment of Skin Conditions

The following actions may help Skin Conditions patients:
  • Counselor: Talking to a counselor about feelings and emotions can be helpful
  • Support groups: Connecting with others facing the same types of problems can be comforting
  • Education: Helps recognizing, acknowledging and supporting efforts in dealing with the disease
  • Support groups: Provides sharing experience and struggles and meeting people who face similar challenges
  • Talk to your closed ones: Relieves the stress

Time for Treatment of Skin Conditions

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Skin Conditions to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Skin Conditions.

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