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A sleep disorder characterized by excessive sleepiness and drowsiness.

Symptoms of Somnolence

The following features are indicative of Somnolence:
  • excessive daytime sleepiness
  • sudden loss of muscle tone
  • sleep paralysis
  • hypnagogic hallucinations
  • sleep apnea

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Common Causes of Somnolence

The following are the most common causes of Somnolence:
  • circadian rhythm disorders
  • hypothyroidism
  • diabetes
  • fibromyalgia
  • sleeping sickness
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • stress

Other Causes of Somnolence

The following are the less common causes of Somnolence:
  • medications like analgesics
  • antidepressants
  • antihistamines
  • antipsychotics

Risk Factors for Somnolence

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Somnolence:
  • people having low levels of the chemical hypocretin

Prevention of Somnolence

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Somnolence. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eating tryptophan
  • eat carbohydrate rich foods
  • physical exercise in the afternoon
  • a cold shower just before going to bed

Occurrence of Somnolence

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Somnolence cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Somnolence can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Somnolence can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Somnolence

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Somnolence:
  • Blood test: To check CBC and blood differential, blood sugar level, electrolytes, and thyroid hormone levels
  • Head CT scan (Computed tomography): To take the imaginary view of the head
  • EEG (Electroencephalogram): To record electrical activity of the brain
  • Sleep studies: To record the body activity during sleep
  • Urine test: To perform urinalysis for diagnosis of disease
  • Epworth sleepiness scale: To measure the daytime sleepiness

Complications of Somnolence if untreated

Yes, Somnolence causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Somnolence is left untreated:
  • low sex drive
  • impotence
  • lazy or lethargic personality
  • increased risk of accident while cooking and driving
  • obesity

Procedures for Treatment of Somnolence

The following procedures are used to treat Somnolence:
  • Hypocretin replacement: To maintain the level of hypocretin in the patients
  • Hypocretin gene therapy: To stimulate the production of hypocretin
  • Immunotherapy: To boost the immune system

Self-care for Somnolence

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Somnolence:
  • Scheduled sleep: Sleep and wake up at the same timing daily
  • Take naps: Schedule short naps of 20 minutes at regular intervals during the day
  • Avoid nicotine and alcohol: At night, these can worsen the signs and symptoms
  • Exercise: Get moderate, regular exercise at least four to five hours before bedtime

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Somnolence.

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