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Spine Injuries and Disorders

Your backbone, or spine, is made up of 26 bone discs called vertebrae. The vertebrae protect your spinal cord and allow you to stand and bend. A number of problems can change the structure of the spine or damage the vertebrae and surrounding tissue. They include

Spinal diseases often cause pain when bone changes put pressure on the spinal cord or nerves. They can also limit movement. Treatments differ by disease, but sometimes they include back braces and surgery.

Symptoms of Spine Injuries and Disorders

The following features are indicative of Spine Injuries and Disorders:
  • uneven shoulders
  • one shoulder blade
  • uneven waist
  • one hip higher than the other
  • back pain
  • shoulder pain
  • neck pain
  • buttock pain
  • respiratory problems
  • back problems
  • constipation
  • limited mobility
  • painful menstruation
  • slow nerve action
  • calcium deposits
  • chronic pain in the lower back
  • stiffness of the lower back
  • swelling
  • neck pain
  • fatigue

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Common Causes of Spine Injuries and Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Spine Injuries and Disorders:
  • cerebral palsy
  • muscular dystrophy
  • hereditary factors
  • birth defects of the bones of the spine
  • spine injuries
  • infections of the spine

Risk Factors for Spine Injuries and Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Spine Injuries and Disorders:
  • being female
  • family history
  • testing positive for HLA-B27

Prevention of Spine Injuries and Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Spine Injuries and Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eating a healthy diet
  • avoid smoking
  • exercising regularly

Occurrence of Spine Injuries and Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Spine Injuries and Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Spine Injuries and Disorders most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Spine Injuries and Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Spine Injuries and Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Spine Injuries and Disorders:
  • Physical exam: To see if one side of the rib cage is more prominent than the other
  • Neurological exam: To check for muscle weakness, numbness and abnormal reflexes
  • Imaging tests: To confirm the diagnosis of scoliosis and reveal the severity of the spinal curvature
  • Schober's test: To measure the flexion of the lumbar spine
  • physical exam
  • Genetic testing: To measure variations of the HLA-B gene
  • Blood tests: To measure the blood concentration of C-reactive proteins and erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index: To detect the inflammatory burden of disease

Doctor for Diagnosis of Spine Injuries and Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Spine Injuries and Disorders:
  • Orthopedic surgeon
  • Rheumatologist
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Physiatrist
  • Physical therapist

Complications of Spine Injuries and Disorders if untreated

Yes, Spine Injuries and Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Spine Injuries and Disorders is left untreated:
  • lung damage
  • heart damage
  • back problems
  • unlevelled shoulders
  • prominent ribs
  • uneven hips
  • shift of the waist and trunk to the side
  • aortic insufficiency
  • aortitis
  • heart rhythm problems
  • pulmonary fibrosis

Procedures for Treatment of Spine Injuries and Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Spine Injuries and Disorders:
  • Braces: To prevent further progression of the curve
  • Surgery: To reduce the severity of the spinal curve and to prevent it from getting worse
  • Physical therapy: Improves strength and flexibility

Self-care for Spine Injuries and Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Spine Injuries and Disorders:
  • Regular exercise: Maintains flexibility and improves the posture
  • Avoid smoking: Decreases chances of additional problems for people with ankylosing spondylitis
  • Maintain good posture: Practicing standing straight posture in regular routine
  • Follow healthy diet: Take healthy diet

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Spine Injuries and Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Spine Injuries and Disorders:
  • Chiropractic manipulation: Helps by showing improvements in pain, Cobb angle, and disability
  • Do daily exercise and part-time bracing: Helps relieving pain
  • Use shall Shastika Pinda Svedana: Massage whole body to relieve pain
  • Acupuncture: Relieves the pain and prevents the future episodic relapses

Patient Support for Treatment of Spine Injuries and Disorders

The following actions may help Spine Injuries and Disorders patients:
  • Peer group support: Provides a significant impact on a child's or teen's acceptance of scoliosis
  • Support group: Provides advice, relay real-life experiences and help to connect with others facing similar challenges
  • Meet people with same condition: Join an online or in-person support group of people with the same condition

Time for Treatment of Spine Injuries and Disorders

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Spine Injuries and Disorders to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Spine Injuries and Disorders.
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Back Pain
Herniated Disk
Neck Injuries and Disorders
Scoliosis
Spinal Stenosis
Tailbone Disorders

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