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A fetus of at least 20 weeks gestation, or of a birth weight of at least 350 grams if the gestational age is unknown, that is born without signs of life at the time of delivery, and with an Apgar score of zero at both one and five minutes

Symptoms of Stillbirth

The following features are indicative of Stillbirth:
  • bleeding from vagina
  • mild to severe abdominal cramps
  • dizziness
  • high fever
  • no fetal movements
  • no detected heartbeat of fetus

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Common Causes of Stillbirth

The following are the most common causes of Stillbirth:
  • problems with placenta
  • genetic problems with the fetus
  • birth defects
  • pregnancy complications

Other Causes of Stillbirth

The following are the less common causes of Stillbirth:
  • fetal infections
  • physical problems in the fetus
  • infections such as malaria and syphilis
  • poor health in the mother
  • obesity
  • high blood pressure
  • diabetes

Risk Factors for Stillbirth

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Stillbirth:
  • mother's age over 35
  • smoking
  • use of assisted reproductive technology
  • first pregnancy
  • pulmonary hypoplasia
  • placental abruptions
  • celiac disease
  • growth retardation

Prevention of Stillbirth

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Stillbirth. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • regular prenatal care
  • avoid smoking
  • avoid drinking alcohol
  • avoid taking illicit drugs
  • take a daily multivitamin
  • limit caffeine intake

Occurrence of Stillbirth

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Stillbirth cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Stillbirth most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Stillbirth most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Stillbirth

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Stillbirth:
  • Blood test: To check the level of the pregnancy hormone
  • Nonstress test: To check baby's movement, heartbeat and contractions
  • Electronic fetal monitoring: To detect fetal distress

Complications of Stillbirth if untreated

Yes, Stillbirth causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Stillbirth is left untreated:
  • lower abdominal tenderness
  • foul-smelling vaginal discharge

Procedures for Treatment of Stillbirth

The following procedures are used to treat Stillbirth:
  • Dilation and curettage: Minor surgical procedure to remove the remains of pregnancy
  • Surgery: To expel the pregnancy tissue and placenta

Self-care for Stillbirth

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Stillbirth:
  • Intake of dietary multivitamin: Vitamin enriched diet is important in prevention of stillbirth
  • Regular prenatal care: To treat and prevent potential health problems
  • practice good hygiene conditions
  • proper washing of raw vegetables
  • use mineralized bottled water

Patient Support for Treatment of Stillbirth

The following actions may help Stillbirth patients:
  • Join online support groups: Interact with people who are facing the problems related to stillbirth
  • Family support: Provides support and education to patient

Is Stillbirth Infectious?

Yes, Stillbirth is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • spreads by bacteria such as Mycoplasma hominis, E coli, group B Streptococcus through direct fetal infection, placental damage and severe maternal illness

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Stillbirth.

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