Everyone feels stressed from time to time. Not all stress is bad. All animals have a stress response, and it can be life-saving. But chronic stress can cause both physical and mental harm.
There are at least three different types of stress:
Different people may feel stress in different ways. Some people experience digestive symptoms. Others may have headaches, sleeplessness, depressed mood, anger, and irritability. People under chronic stress get more frequent and severe viral infections, such as the flu or common cold. Vaccines, such as the flu shot, are less effective for them.
Some people cope with stress more effectively than others. It's important to know your limits when it comes to stress, so you can avoid more serious health effects.
NIH: National Institute of Mental Health
Stress is a feeling of physical or emotional tension that can come from any event or thought that makes a person feel angry, nervous or frustrated. Stress can be positive in short bursts because it can help a person avoid danger or meet a deadline, but when stress lasts a long time it can harm a person’s health. Stress causes the body to release hormones that help make the brain more alert and in the short term this is helpful, but when it remains this way it increases a person’s risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, and depression or anxiety over time. Too much stress can affect a person and their brain function by causing forgetfulness, headaches, lack of focus and trouble sleeping among others. References 1. Stress and Your Health. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003211.htm Accessed June 16, 2018
Stress can cause many symptoms, but the most common are headache, back pain, upset stomach, and muscle tension. Stress can also cause a number of mental issues such as anxiety and restlessness. There are many ways to manage stress, but some of the best methods are exercise, meditation, yoga, and spending time with family and friends. Getting plenty of sleep and eating a healthy diet can help relieve stress as well. If your stress or pain is not relieved by these methods of stress relief, see your doctor to determine if there is another cause for the pain or if medications are needed. References 1. Stress. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/stress.html . Accessed May 13, 2018. 2. 5 Things You Should Know About Stress. National Institute of Mental Health. URL: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/stress/index.shtml . Accessed May 13, 2018. 3. Manage Stress - The Basics: Causes of Stress. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. URL: https://healthfinder.gov/HealthTopics/Category/health-conditions-and-diseases/heart-health/manage-stress#the-basics_3 . Accessed May 13, 2018. 4. Manage Stress - The Basics: Signs and Health Effects. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. URL: https://healthfinder.gov/HealthTopics/Category/health-conditions-and-diseases/heart-health/manage-stress#the-basics_2 . Accessed May 13, 2018.
It is normal to feel stressed from time to time, and not all stress is bad. However, chronic stress can lead to both physical and mental harm. People experience stress differently. Stress can cause digestive symptoms, headaches, sleeplessness, depressed mood, anger, and irritability. A person under chronic stress is also at higher risk for more frequent viral infections like the flu or cold. Over time, continued strain from stress can contribute to heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and mental disorders. References 1. Stress. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/stress.html. Accessed May 6, 2018. 2. 5 Things You Should Know About Stress. National Institute of Mental Health. URL: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/stress/index.shtml. Accessed 6 May 2018.