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    Stress

    Health    Stress
    Also called: Psychological stress

    Everyone feels stressed from time to time. Not all stress is bad. All animals have a stress response, and it can be life-saving. But chronic stress can cause both physical and mental harm.

    There are at least three different types of stress:

    • Routine stress related to the pressures of work, family, and other daily responsibilities
    • Stress brought about by a sudden negative change, such as losing a job, divorce, or illness
    • Traumatic stress, which happens when you are in danger of being seriously hurt or killed. Examples include a major accident, war, assault, or a natural disaster. This type of stress can cause post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

    Different people may feel stress in different ways. Some people experience digestive symptoms. Others may have headaches, sleeplessness, depressed mood, anger, and irritability. People under chronic stress get more frequent and severe viral infections, such as the flu or common cold. Vaccines, such as the flu shot, are less effective for them.

    Some people cope with stress more effectively than others. It's important to know your limits when it comes to stress, so you can avoid more serious health effects.

    NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

    Symptoms of Stress

    The following features are indicative of Stress:
    • headache
    • muscle tension or pain
    • chest pain
    • fatigue
    • change in sex drive
    • upset stomach
    • sleep problems
    • anxiety
    • restlessness
    • lack of motivation or focus
    • feeling overwhelmed
    • irritability or anger
    • sadness or depression
    • overeating or undereating
    • angry outbursts
    • drug or alcohol abuse
    • tobacco use
    • social withdrawal
    • exercising less often
    It is possible that Stress shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
    References: 1

    Common Causes of Stress

    The following are the most common causes of Stress:
    • pressures of work, family, and other daily responsibilities
    • losing a job, divorce, or illness
    • danger of being seriously hurt or killed
    • accident, war, assault, or a natural disaster
    References: 2

    Risk Factors of Stress

    The following factors may increase the likelihood of Stress:
    • family pressure
    • work pressure
    • sudden negative change
    • accident
    • war
    • natural disaster

    Prevention of Stress

    Yes, it may be possible to prevent Stress. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
    • regular physical activity
    • socializing with family and friends
    • setting aside time for hobbies
    • get plenty of sleep
    • eat a healthy, balanced diet
    • avoid tobacco use
    • avoid excess caffeine
    • avoid alcohol intake
    References: 3

    Occurrence of Stress.

    Degree of Occurrence

    The following are number of Stress cases seen each year worldwide:
    • Very common > 10 Million cases

    Common Age Group

    Stress most commonly occurs in the following age group:
    • Can happen at any age

    Common Gender

    Stress most commonly occurs in the following gender:
    • Not gender specific
    References: 4, 5

    Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Stress

    The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Stress:
    • Psychological testing: To measure the level of stress
    • Blood pressure evaluation: To check levels of stress
    • Galvanic skin response test: To measure the levels of stress
    • Cortisone level test: To evaluate stress level of an individual
    References: 6, 7

    Doctor for Diagnosis of Stress:

    Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Stress:
    • Mental health care provider

    Complications of Stress if Untreated

    Yes, Stress causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Stress is left untreated:
    • depression
    • anxiety
    References: 7

    Self-care for Stress

    The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Stress:
    • Avoid drugs and alcohol: Helps reducing stress
    • Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet: Helps to stay fit
    • Exercise regularly: Helps managing stress
    • Get plenty of sleep: Helps managing stress
    • Stay active: To cope with stressful feelings
    References: 8

    Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Stress

    The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Stress:
    • Deep breathing: Helps providing relief from stress
    • Meditation: Helps managing stress
    • Yoga: Helps relaxing mind and body
    • Tai chi thearpy: Helps providing relaxation to mind
    • Massage therapy: Helps relaxing mind and body
    References: 3

    Patient Support for Treatment of Stress

    The following actions may help Stress patients:
    • Friends and family support: Sharing about problems and stress really can lighten the burden
    • Connect socially: Helps managing stress
    References: 8

    Questions - Stress

    Stress is a feeling of physical or emotional tension that can come from any event or thought that makes a person feel angry, nervous or frustrated. Stress can be positive in short bursts because it can help a person avoid danger or meet a deadline, but when stress lasts a long time it can harm a person’s health.
    
    Stress causes the body to release hormones that help make the brain more alert and in the short term this is helpful, but when it remains this way it increases a person’s risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, and depression or anxiety over time. Too much stress can affect a person and their brain function by causing forgetfulness, headaches, lack of focus and trouble sleeping among others.
    
    References
    1. Stress and Your Health. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003211.htm Accessed June 16, 2018
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    Stress can cause many symptoms, but the most common are headache, back pain, upset stomach, and muscle tension. Stress can also cause a number of mental issues such as anxiety and restlessness. There are many ways to manage stress, but some of the best methods are exercise, meditation, yoga, and spending time with family and friends. Getting plenty of sleep and eating a healthy diet can help relieve stress as well. If your stress or pain is not relieved by these methods of stress relief, see your doctor to determine if there is another cause for the pain or if medications are needed.
    
    References
    1. Stress. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/stress.html . Accessed May 13, 2018.
    2. 5 Things You Should Know About Stress. National Institute of Mental Health. URL: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/stress/index.shtml . Accessed May 13, 2018.
    3. Manage Stress - The Basics: Causes of Stress. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. URL: https://healthfinder.gov/HealthTopics/Category/health-conditions-and-diseases/heart-health/manage-stress#the-basics_3 . Accessed May 13, 2018.
    4. Manage Stress - The Basics: Signs and Health Effects. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. URL: https://healthfinder.gov/HealthTopics/Category/health-conditions-and-diseases/heart-health/manage-stress#the-basics_2 . Accessed May 13, 2018.
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    It is normal to feel stressed from time to time, and not all stress is bad. However, chronic stress can lead to both physical and mental harm. People experience stress differently. Stress can cause digestive symptoms, headaches, sleeplessness, depressed mood, anger, and irritability. A person under chronic stress is also at higher risk for more frequent viral infections like the flu or cold. Over time, continued strain from stress can contribute to heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and mental disorders.
    
    References
    1. Stress. MedlinePlus. URL: https://medlineplus.gov/stress.html. Accessed May 6, 2018.
    2. 5 Things You Should Know About Stress. National Institute of Mental Health. URL: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/stress/index.shtml. Accessed 6 May 2018.
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    References

    1. Mayo Clinic Stress symptoms: Effects on your body and behavior http://www.Mayo - Accessed: February 20, 2017. Clinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/stress-symptoms/art-20050987
    2. MedlinePlus Stress https://medlineplus.gov/stress.html - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    3. Mayo Clinic Stress management http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifest... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    4. HSE Work related stress, anxiety and depression statistics in Great Britain 2016 http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    5. HSE Work related stress, anxiety and depression statistics in Great Britain 2016 http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/causdis... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    6. MedlinePlus Stress and your health https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    7. Wikipedia Stress management https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress_man... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    8. CDC Coping with Stress https://www.cdc.gov/features/copingwiths... - Accessed: February 20, 2017.
    9. Source: https://medlineplus.gov/stress.html

    Last updated date

    This page was last updated on 8/04/2018.
    This page provides information for Stress.

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