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Syncope

A spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood supply to the brain.

Symptoms of Syncope

The following features are indicative of Syncope:
  • lightheadedness
  • sweating
  • pale skin
  • loss of consciousness
  • blurred vision
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • feeling warm
It is possible that Syncope shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Syncope

The following are the most common causes of Syncope:
  • old age
  • decrease in blood flow to brain
  • dehydration
  • emotional distress
  • standing up too quickly
  • heart problems

Other Causes of Syncope

The following are the less common causes of Syncope:
  • drop in blood sugar

Risk Factors for Syncope

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Syncope:
  • females
  • older people

Prevention of Syncope

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Syncope. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • if you feel the symptoms of fainting, lie down and lift your legs

Occurrence of Syncope

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Syncope cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Syncope most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Syncope can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Syncope

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Syncope:
  • Blood test: To measure hemoglobin level to detect anemia or blood loss
  • Electrocardiogram: To check the electrical activity of the heart
  • Tilt table test: To draw out orthostatic syncope secondary to autonomic dysfunction

Complications of Syncope if untreated

Yes, Syncope causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Syncope is left untreated:
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Syncope

The following procedures are used to treat Syncope:
  • Insertion of a pacemaker: Activates the heart's muscle contractions by sending electrical impulse to the heart
  • Catheter ablation: To kill very small areas of tissue that cause abnormal electrical signals
  • Cardioversion: To restore the heart's normal rhythm
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator: Monitors the heart

Self-care for Syncope

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Syncope:
  • Lie down or sit down: To lower the chance of fainting again
  • Place head between your knees: Helpful in preventing fainting

Patient Support for Treatment of Syncope

The following actions may help Syncope patients:
  • Coordinate with health care providers: Provides information and helps in coping with the disease

Time for Treatment of Syncope

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Syncope to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 day

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Syncope.

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