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Sudden and involuntary contraction of a muscle of group of muscles due to hypocalcemia

Symptoms of Tetany

The following features are indicative of Tetany:
  • circumoral numbness
  • muscle cramps
  • paresthesias of hands
  • paresthesias of feet
  • laryngospasm
  • generalized muscle cramps
  • seizures
  • myocardial dysfunction

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Common Causes of Tetany

The following are the most common causes of Tetany:
  • hypocalcemia
  • underfunction of the parathyroid gland
  • reduced level of carbon dioxide
  • reduced level of magnesium
  • Clostridium tetani toxin

Risk Factors for Tetany

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Tetany:
  • excess potassium in grass hay or pasture
  • osteomalacia
  • rickets
  • hypocalcemia

Prevention of Tetany

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Tetany.

Occurrence of Tetany

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Tetany cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Gender

Tetany can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Tetany

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Tetany:
  • Chvostek sign test: To demonstrate tetany
  • Trousseau sign test: To diagnose of latent tetany
  • EMG (Electromyography): To reveal motor unit discharges during tetany episodes

Complications of Tetany if untreated

It is not know if Tetany causes complications if left untreated.

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Tetany

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Tetany:
  • Calcium supplementation: Helps to increase the level of calcium

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Tetany.

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