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A laboratory test result indicating that there is an abnormally small number of platelets in the circulating blood.

Symptoms of Thrombocytopenia

The following features are indicative of Thrombocytopenia:
  • excessive bruising
  • bleeding
  • oozing from the mouth or nose
  • abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • prolonged bleeding from cuts
  • blood in urine
  • blood in stools
  • unusually heavy menstrual flows
  • fatigue
  • enlarged spleen
  • jaundice
  • headache
It is possible that Thrombocytopenia shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Thrombocytopenia

The following are the most common causes of Thrombocytopenia:
  • decreased production of platelets
  • trapped platelets
  • increased breakdown of platelets

Risk Factors for Thrombocytopenia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Thrombocytopenia:
  • exposure to certain toxic chemicals
  • people with certain types of cancer
  • heavy alcohol drinkers
  • pregnant women
  • aplastic anemia
  • viral infections

Prevention of Thrombocytopenia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Thrombocytopenia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid heavy drinking alcohol
  • avoid exposure with toxic chemicals
  • avoid medicines that decrease platelet count

Occurrence of Thrombocytopenia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Thrombocytopenia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Thrombocytopenia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Thrombocytopenia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Thrombocytopenia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Thrombocytopenia:
  • Blood test: To determine the number of blood cells and diagnose thrombocytopenia
  • Physical examination: To view the signs of bleeding and detect the thrombocytopenia

Doctor for Diagnosis of Thrombocytopenia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Thrombocytopenia:
  • Hematologist
  • Primary care doctor

Complications of Thrombocytopenia if untreated

Yes, Thrombocytopenia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Thrombocytopenia is left untreated:
  • can be fatal
  • internal bleeding in brain

Procedures for Treatment of Thrombocytopenia

The following procedures are used to treat Thrombocytopenia:
  • Surgery: Surgery to cut the nerves to the affected area to control pain and increase blood flow
  • Amputation: It is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb

Self-care for Thrombocytopenia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Thrombocytopenia:
  • Avoid physical activities: Lowers the risk of injury helps in preventing thrombocytopenia
  • Avoid drinking alcohol: Drink alcohol in moderation to maintain the production of platelets in body
  • Use caution while taking over-the-counter medications: Prevents the impairing of platelet function

Patient Support for Treatment of Thrombocytopenia

The following actions may help Thrombocytopenia patients:
  • Join supporting research groups: Provides medical knowledge and care about the thrombocytopenia

Time for Treatment of Thrombocytopenia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Thrombocytopenia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Thrombocytopenia.

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