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Infection of the mucosal lining of the mouth with the fungus Candida albicans.

Symptoms of Thrush

The following features are indicative of Thrush:
  • white, velvety sores in the mouth
  • white, velvety sores on the tongue
  • wiping the sores may cause bleeding
  • redness in the mouth
  • diaper rash
  • mood changes, such as being very fussy
  • refusing to nurse because of soreness
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Common Causes of Thrush

The following are the most common causes of Thrush:
  • candida albicans fungus
  • weakened immune system

Risk Factors for Thrush

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Thrush:
  • weakened immunity
  • diabetes
  • vaginal yeast infections
  • use of medications such as prednisone, inhaled corticosteroids
  • wearing dentures

Prevention of Thrush

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Thrush. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • rinse mouth with water
  • brush the teeth at least twice a day and floss daily
  • remove dentures at night
  • watch out the eating habits
  • maintain good blood sugar control if having diabetes
  • get treatment for dry mouth
  • get treatment for vaginal yeast infection

Occurrence of Thrush

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Thrush cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Thrush can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Thrush can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Thrush

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Thrush:
  • Physical examination: To examine the mouth to look at the lesions

Doctor for Diagnosis of Thrush

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Thrush:
  • Dentist

Complications of Thrush if untreated

Yes, Thrush causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Thrush is left untreated:
  • blood poisoning
  • swallowing problems

Self-care for Thrush

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Thrush:
  • practice good oral hygiene
  • disinfect dentures to avoid reinfection
  • try warm saltwater rinses
  • use nursing pads

Patient Support for Treatment of Thrush

The following actions may help Thrush patients:
  • Friends and family support: Provide both emotional and practical support to patient going through treatment
  • Join support group: Provides information about disease and helps in coping with the disease

Time for Treatment of Thrush

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Thrush to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Thrush.

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