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Tinea is the name of a group of diseases caused by a fungus. Types of tinea include ringworm, athlete's foot and jock itch. These infections are usually not serious, but they can be uncomfortable. You can get them by touching an infected person, from damp surfaces such as shower floors, or even from a pet.

Symptoms depend on the affected area of the body:

  • Ringworm is a red skin rash that forms a ring around normal-looking skin. A worm doesn't cause it.
  • Scalp ringworm causes itchy, red patches on your head. It can leave bald spots. It usually affects children.
  • Athlete's foot causes itching, burning and cracked skin between your toes.
  • Jock itch causes an itchy, burning rash in your groin area.

Over-the-counter creams and powders will get rid of many tinea infections, particularly athlete's foot and jock itch. Other cases require prescription medicine.

Symptoms of Tinea Infections

The following features are indicative of Tinea Infections:
  • itching
  • scaling
  • redness
  • red bumps
  • rings formation

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Common Causes of Tinea Infections

The following are the most common causes of Tinea Infections:
  • dermatophytes
  • mold-like parasites

Risk Factors for Tinea Infections

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Tinea Infections:
  • weakened immune system
  • diabetic patients
  • elevated abnormal sweating
  • adults age
  • exposure to warm climate
  • close contact with an infected person or animal
  • sharing clothes, bed or towels with someone who has a fungal infection
  • wear tight or restrictive cloth

Prevention of Tinea Infections

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Tinea Infections. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • wear clean socks
  • keeping feet clean and dry
  • toenails should be clipped short
  • be aware of the risk of ringworm from infected people or pets
  • wash hands more often
  • don't wear thick clothing for long periods of time in warm, humid weather
  • avoid infected animals
  • don't share personal items

Occurrence of Tinea Infections

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Tinea Infections cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Tinea Infections can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Tinea Infections can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Tinea Infections

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Tinea Infections:
  • Scrapings: To view if fungi are present
  • Visual exam: To diagnose the athlete's foot

Doctor for Diagnosis of Tinea Infections

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Tinea Infections:
  • Podiatrist
  • Chiropodist
  • General practitioner
  • Dermatologist

Complications of Tinea Infections if untreated

Yes, Tinea Infections causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Tinea Infections is left untreated:
  • large painful fissures may develop
  • thickening and yellowing of the nail can occur
  • jock itch
  • toenail fungus
  • difficult to get rid of the infection

Medicines for Tinea Infections

Below is the list of medicines used for Tinea Infections:

Self-care for Tinea Infections

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Tinea Infections:
  • Stay cool and dry: Don't wear thick clothing for long periods of time in warm, humid weather
  • Don't share personal items: Don't let others use your clothing, towels, hairbrushes or other personal items
  • Use hygiene maintaining techniques: By keeping the toenails short and clean helps in prevention of athlete’s foot
  • Change socks regularly: Prevents athlete's foot
  • Don't share shoes: Lowers the risks of spreading fungal infection
  • Avoiding tight-fitting footwear: Prevents athlete's foot and reduce recurrence
  • Avoid walking barefoot in locker rooms or public showers: Helps in prevention of athlete’s foot

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Tinea Infections

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Tinea Infections:
  • Apply cider vinegar or tea tree oil: Applying cider vinegar or tea tree oil are sometimes recommended for treating athlete's foot

Patient Support for Treatment of Tinea Infections

The following actions may help Tinea Infections patients:
  • Education and information: By knowing about the disease helps in prevention of athlete's foot

Time for Treatment of Tinea Infections

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Tinea Infections to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Is Tinea Infections Infectious?

Yes, Tinea Infections is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • indirect contact
  • skin-to-skin contact with an infected person
  • touching an animal with ringworm
  • contact with infected soil

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Tinea Infections.

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