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Tremors are unintentional trembling or shaking movements in one or more parts of your body. Most tremors occur in the hands. You can also have arm, head, face, vocal cord, trunk, and leg tremors. Tremors are most common in middle-aged and older people, but anyone can have them.

The cause of tremors is a problem in the parts of the brain that control muscles in the body or in specific parts of the body, such as the hands. They commonly occur in otherwise healthy people. They may also be caused by problems such as

Some forms are inherited and run in families. Others have no known cause.

There is no cure for most tremors. Treatment to relieve them depends on their cause. In many cases, medicines and sometimes surgical procedures can reduce or stop tremors and improve muscle control. Tremors are not life threatening. However, they can be embarrassing and make it hard to perform daily tasks.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Symptoms of Tremor

The following features are indicative of Tremor:
  • teeth chattering
  • involuntary movements of hands, arms, eyes, face, head, vocal folds, trunk and legs
  • rhythmic shaking in the hands, arms, head, legs, or torso
  • shaky voice
  • difficulty writing or drawing
  • problems holding and controlling utensils

Common Causes of Tremor

The following are the most common causes of Tremor:
  • Parkinson's disease
  • dystonia
  • multiple sclerosis
  • stroke
  • traumatic brain injury
  • alcohol abuse and withdrawal
  • family history

Other Causes of Tremor

The following are the less common causes of Tremor:
  • use of asthma medications such as amphetamines and corticosteroids
  • mercury poisoning
  • overactive thyroid
  • liver failure
  • kidney failure
  • anxiety

Risk Factors for Tremor

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Tremor:
  • excess caffeine use

Prevention of Tremor

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Tremor. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid caffeine containing substances use
  • get enough sleep
  • avoid alcoholic beverages

Occurrence of Tremor

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Tremor cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Tremor can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Tremor can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Tremor

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Tremor:
  • Physical exam: To determine whether the tremor occurs primarily during action or at rest
  • Neurological examination: To assess nerve function and motor and sensory skills
  • Electromyogram: To diagnose muscle or nerve problems

Doctor for Diagnosis of Tremor

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Tremor:
  • Neurologist
  • Psychiatrist

Complications of Tremor if untreated

Yes, Tremor causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Tremor is left untreated:
  • speech problems

Procedures for Treatment of Tremor

The following procedures are used to treat Tremor:
  • Thalamotomy: Works by creating lesions in the brain to treat tremor
  • Deep brain stimulation: Send high-frequency electrical signals to the thalamus to treat the disease

Self-care for Tremor

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Tremor:
  • Regular physical therapy: Control tremor
  • Eliminating or reducing tremor-inducing substances: Avoid caffeine to improve the tremor

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Tremor

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Tremor:
  • Occupational therapy: Helps in muscle control and muscle strengthening

Patient Support for Treatment of Tremor

The following actions may help Tremor patients:
  • Be aware of disease: Get knowledge about the disease that will helpful in handling the problem
  • Talk to your closed ones: Sharing your problem will be helpful and decreases the embarrassing problems

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Tremor.

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