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Vitamin D deficiency

Abnormally low level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the blood.

Symptoms of Vitamin D deficiency

The following features are indicative of Vitamin D deficiency:
  • bone pain
  • muscle weakness
It is possible that Vitamin D deficiency shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Vitamin D deficiency

The following are the most common causes of Vitamin D deficiency:
  • inadequate sunlight exposure
  • inadequate nutritional intake of vitamin D
  • hereditary disorders

Risk Factors for Vitamin D deficiency

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Vitamin D deficiency:
  • obesity
  • people with dark complexion
  • age above 65 years
  • little sun exposure
  • inadequate nutritional intake of vitamin D

Prevention of Vitamin D deficiency

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Vitamin D deficiency. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • intake of vitamin D enriched sources such as fatty fish, egg yolk, milk and cereals

Occurrence of Vitamin D deficiency

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Vitamin D deficiency cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Vitamin D deficiency most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • At birth

Common Gender

Vitamin D deficiency can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Vitamin D deficiency

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Vitamin D deficiency:
  • Serum level measurement: To determine vitamin D deficiency status
  • Radiographic examination: Diagnose the decreased bone mineral density and nontraumatic fractures

Complications of Vitamin D deficiency if untreated

Yes, Vitamin D deficiency causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Vitamin D deficiency is left untreated:
  • loss of bone density
  • osteoporosis
  • rickets
  • osteomalacia
  • multiple sclerosis

Medicines for Vitamin D deficiency

Below is the list of medicines used for Vitamin D deficiency:

Self-care for Vitamin D deficiency

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Vitamin D deficiency:
  • Intake of vitamin D enriched sources: Few sources such as fatty fish, egg yolk, milk and cereals fulfill the deficiency of vitamin D

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Vitamin D deficiency

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Vitamin D deficiency:
  • Intake of vitamin D supplements: Fulfills the deficiency of vitamin D

Time for Treatment of Vitamin D deficiency

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Vitamin D deficiency to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Vitamin D deficiency.

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