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Wounds and Injuries

Also called: Traumatic injuries

An injury is damage to your body. It is a general term that refers to harm caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons, and more. In the U.S., millions of people injure themselves every year. These injuries range from minor to life-threatening. Injuries can happen at work or play, indoors or outdoors, driving a car, or walking across the street.

Wounds are injuries that break the skin or other body tissues. They include cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. They often happen because of an accident, but surgery, sutures, and stitches also cause wounds. Minor wounds usually aren't serious, but it is important to clean them. Serious and infected wounds may require first aid followed by a visit to your doctor. You should also seek attention if the wound is deep, you cannot close it yourself, you cannot stop the bleeding or get the dirt out, or it does not heal.

Other common types of injuries include

Symptoms of Wounds and Injuries

The following features are indicative of Wounds and Injuries:
  • low back pain
  • damaged muscles of the back
  • muscle ache
  • strain
  • swelling
  • stiffness
  • pain
  • malaise
  • fatigue
  • tenderness
  • muscle weakness
  • loss of flexibility
  • decreased mobility
  • difficulty in moving a limb
  • the feeling of liquid under the skin
It is possible that Wounds and Injuries shows no physical symptoms and still be present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Wounds and Injuries

The following are the most common causes of Wounds and Injuries:
  • improper lifting method
  • repetitive twisting motions of the torso
  • increased uric acid levels
  • family history
  • overweight
  • trapped blood under the surface due to injury

Other Causes of Wounds and Injuries

The following are the less common causes of Wounds and Injuries:
  • muscle imbalancement
  • improper posture
  • repetitive bending
  • sports injuries
  • problems with the hips or feet
  • psychological stress
  • accidents
  • falls
  • surgeries
  • internal bleeding
  • ehlers-danlos syndrome

Risk Factors for Wounds and Injuries

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Wounds and Injuries:
  • sedentary lifestyles
  • lack of exercise
  • whole body vibration
  • psychosocial factors
  • improper lifting
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • genetic factor
  • vitamin C deficiency
  • sign of physical abuse of the child
  • nerve problems
  • arthritis
  • cancer
  • obesity
  • family history
  • microbial infections
  • joint injuries

Prevention of Wounds and Injuries

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Wounds and Injuries. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • improving proper sitting postures
  • following proper nutritional diet
  • warm up before doing any exercise
  • avoid sudden changes in the intensity of exercise
  • wear shoes that fit properly and are in good condition
  • maintaining a healthy weight
  • prevent yourself from infections
  • preventing joints from injuries
  • avoiding falls
  • wearing sports equipment during playing
  • exercise regularly
  • take breaks from repetitive tasks

Occurrence of Wounds and Injuries

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Wounds and Injuries cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Wounds and Injuries can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Wounds and Injuries can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Wounds and Injuries

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Wounds and Injuries:
  • Bone X-ray: To diagnose fractured bones or joint dislocation
  • Computed tomography- Spine: To diagnose the spinal column damage in injured patients
  • Magnetic resonance imaging- Spine: To produce detailed pictures of the spine and surrounding tissues
  • Physical examination: To determine where the pain is located
  • Ultrasound: To produce the images of the soft tissue structures
  • Arthroscopy: To see inside of the knee joint
  • Coagulation tests: To test full blood counts and prothrombin time
  • Selective tissue tension test: To find out the affected tendon

Doctor for Diagnosis of Wounds and Injuries

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Wounds and Injuries:
  • Physical therapist
  • Chiropractors
  • Rheumatologist
  • Orthopedic surgeon
  • Osteopathic physician
  • Podiatrist
  • Psychiatrist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Emergency physician

Complications of Wounds and Injuries if untreated

Yes, Wounds and Injuries causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Wounds and Injuries is left untreated:
  • permanent neurological damage
  • joints may become twisted and deformed
  • joint damage
  • scurvy
  • cerebral haemorrhage
  • hemopericardium
  • osteoarthritis
  • stiffness
  • bone infection
  • nerve or blood vessel injury

Procedures for Treatment of Wounds and Injuries

The following procedures are used to treat Wounds and Injuries:
  • Back surgery: Relieves some causes of back pain
  • Vertebroplasty: Helps in holding the fractured bone in place and relieves the pain
  • Joint replacement surgery: Removes the damaged joint and replaces it with an artificial one
  • Joint repair: Reduces pain and improve function
  • Joint fusion: Removes the ends of the two bones in the joint

Self-care for Wounds and Injuries

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Wounds and Injuries:
  • Avoid improper lifting technique: Prevents the strained muscles
  • Daily stretches and exercise: Strengthen the muscles surrounding joints
  • Lose extra weight: Reduces the stress on your weight-bearing joints
  • Quit smoking: Reduces stress on connective tissues
  • Maintain healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet helps in healing the disease
  • Take rest: Take rest for tissue healing and prevent increased pain or swelling
  • Apply Ice therapy: To reduce pain, swelling and muscle spasm
  • Compression: Reduce swelling

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Wounds and Injuries

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Wounds and Injuries:
  • Do yoga: Stretch and strengthen muscles and improves posture
  • Acupuncture: Reduce many types of pain, including that caused by some types of arthritis
  • Intake glucosamine supplements: Relieves arthritis pain
  • Get massage: Increases blood flow and warm affected joints
  • Homeopathic arnica treatment: Controls bruising, reduce swelling and promote recovery

Patient Support for Treatment of Wounds and Injuries

The following actions may help Wounds and Injuries patients:
  • Follow spine conditioning program: Provides wide range of activities and helps in maintaining healthy lifestyle
  • Patient education and support: Improves or maintain function and quality of life

Time for Treatment of Wounds and Injuries

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Wounds and Injuries to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Wounds and Injuries.
Bruises
Child Safety
Electrical Injuries
Falls
First Aid
Foreign Bodies
Safety
Scars
Surgery

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